The beginning of the recorded historical past of the northern Frederick County is closely tied to rivalry between England and France. When the first Europeans settled within the Emmitsburg area, in the early eighteenth century, the English government was casting a anxious eye at French strikes to say the interior of the American continent. France's holdings there threatened to restrict English influence to the coastal strip east of the Allegheny mountains, and, thereby, prevent English dominance of northern America.
To counter French encroachment, the English government began an lively coverage of selling settlement of the wilderness. Settlers have been organized into teams of lots of. The first settlers, in the space underneath lively analysis by the Larger Emmitsburg Area Historic Society, were collectively often called the Tom's Creek Hundred. Their settlement encompassed land from just north of current day Thurmont to the previous Pennsylvania border, from the Monocacy to the Catoctin Mountains.
The Tom Indians, who occupied the Emmitsburg space, had by this time either moved westward or died from European ailments corresponding to small pox. Because of this, the land occupied by the Tom's Creek Hundred was almost devoid of Indians and, due to this fact, ripe for settlement by the English.
While the Royal authorities opened the land to all settlers for a nominal fee, it favored a number of select aristocrats by offering them massive tracts of land in reward for his or her support of the Crown. One of the earliest land barons in the valley was John Diggs.
Diggs, a grandson of the Royal Governor of Virginia, was a rich Catholic who performed a dominant role in the generally-bloody border dispute between the Maryland and Pennsylvania governments. With ownership of the Chesapeake and the mouth of the Susquehanna, Maryland pressed its claim of what is now center Pennsylvania. This remained a dispute that was not settled till the Mason-Dixon line was laid out.
Diggs believed his right to land, based mostly upon his aristocratic standing, entitled him to most of northern and western Maryland. In 1732, Diggs formally claimed, although with none authority, all the vacant land on the Monocacy and its many branches, which included all of present day Emmitsburg. In July 1743, Diggs managed to receive title to 3 tracts of land within the Emmitsburg space. Diggs' land grabbing was quickly mimicked by others, albeit in a smaller style.
Sadly for the land speculators and the settlers, the race between the French and English for the inside of the continent quickly got out of hand. In 1754, the English were not only preventing the French, however their Indian allies as effectively. Whereas little fighting occurred in the Emmitsburg area, Indian raiding parties periodically moved via the world. Consequently, many raise alert settlers withdrew to the relative security of coastal cities.
With the tip of the Seven Years Battle in Europe, in which France ceded sovereignty of the interior of North America to the English, settlers once again cast their eyes towards the wilderness. Some fled from extreme non secular persecution, others from the oppression of civil tyranny, and nonetheless others had been attracted by the hopes of liberty underneath the milder influence of English colonial rule. However for the greatest half, the settlers flocked to the American continent in the hopes of abandoning the crushing poverty of their homeland and for the prospect to own land and prosper by means of their